Listing Guideline

When fish and wildlife management goals have not been met as a result of loss of fish and wildlife habitat due to a perturbation in the physical, chemical, or biological integrity of the Boundary Waters, including wetlands.

Delisting Guideline

When the amount and quality of physical, chemical, and biological habitat required to meet fish and wildlife management goals have been achieved and protected.

Delisting Targets

This BUI will be considered to be eligible for removal when the following have occurred:

  • All contaminated sediment hotspots within the AOC have been identified, and implementation actions to remediate contaminated sites have been completed.
  • A local fish and wildlife management and rehabilitation plan has been compiled for the estuary that:
    • Defines the causes of all habitat impairments within the AOC
    • Establishes site-specific habitat and population targets for native indicator fish and wildlife species within the AOC
    • Identifies all fish and wildlife habitat rehabilitation programs/activities within the AOC and establishes a mechanism to assure coordination among all these programs/activities, including identification of lead agencies
    • Establishes a time table, funding mechanism, and lead agency or organization responsibility for all fish and wildlife habitat rehabilitation activities needed within the AOC.
  • The programs and actions necessary to accomplish the recommendations of the fish and wildlife habitat plan are implemented, and modified as need to ensure continual improvement.

Sources of Pollution or Problem

  • Contaminated sediments; spills of chemicals within the watershed; atmospheric deposition
  • Sediment, nutrients, and bacteria as a result of nonpoint, or diffuse, sources of pollution; urban stormwater runoff; sewer overflows; noncontact cooling water
  • Dams, drop structures, concrete-lined channels, and poorly-sized culverts and stream crossings; shoreline alteration, such as sheet piling, that doesn’t provide high-quality habitat
  • Discharges of water with elevated temperatures

Remediation Actions

The Fish and Wildlife Technical Team completed project summaries for all of the projects within the AOC boundaries identified as necessary to address the impairment. The summaries for these 11 projects will be incorporated in to the final fish and wildlife habitat management and rehabilitation plan. Work on habitat projects by partners continued in 2015 including the following:

  • Little Menomonee River Parkway Grassland Restoration was completed by Milwaukee County;
  • Menomonee River Concrete Removal Phase 1 & 2 implementation by MMSD & U.S. Army Corps of Engineers;
  • Burnham Canal Wetland Restoration planning by MMSD;
  • Five Low Flow Barriers Removal implementation by MMSD;
  • Kinnickinnic River Habitat Rehabilitation feasibility study by MMSD; and,
  • Bay View Wetland planning by the City of Milwaukee.

The Fish and Wildlife Technical Team completed project summaries for all of the projects within the AOC boundaries identified as necessary to address the impairment. The summaries for these 11 projects will be incorporated in to the final fish and wildlife habitat management and rehabilitation plan. Work on habitat projects by partners continued in 2015 including the following:

  • Little Menomonee River Parkway Grassland Restoration was completed by Milwaukee County;
  • Menomonee River Concrete Removal Phase 1 & 2 implementation by MMSD & U.S. Army Corps of Engineers;
  • Burnham Canal Wetland Restoration planning by MMSD;
  • Five Low Flow Barriers Removal implementation by MMSD;
  • Kinnickinnic River Habitat Rehabilitation feasibility study by MMSD; and,
  • Bay View Wetland planning by the City of Milwaukee.

Moving Forward

Progress on habitat restoration project planning and implementation are the next actions needed for this impairment along with sediment remediation. The following actions need to be completed in order to determine contamination related management actions.

  • Assess areas on the Milwaukee River from Estabrook Park dam downstream to the estuary.
  • Assess the potential impacts to sediments from other manufactured gas plants within the AOC.
  • Review and act upon sediment assessment data from other areas of the AOC. This includes, but is not limited to, Kinnickinnic River/Turning Basin, Menomonee River from confluence with Little Menomonee to the harbor and existing Milwaukee River data. The following management actions are necessary to move towards removing this impairment. This list is not complete as all sediment projects have not been identified and defined. The actions that have been implemented are italicized.

1) Implement habitat restoration projects defined in the fish and wildlife management and rehabilitation plan (also included in Appendix C).

  • Little Menomonee Grassland Restoration
  • Milwaukee River Fish Habitat Enhancement and Expansion
  • Wheelhouse Gateway Riparian Restoration
  • Menomonee River Concrete Removal
  • Five Low Flow Barriers Removal
  • Kinnickinnic River Habitat Rehabilitation
  • Burnham Canal Wetland Restoration
  • Little Menomonee Corridor Restoration
  • Bay View Wetland Restoration
  • Estabrook Park Dam Fish Passage
  • Kletzsch Park Dam Fish Passage

2) Sources of contamination within the AOC need to be remediated.

  • Complete the assessment and cleanup of PCBs at the Cedar Creek Superfund Alternative Site.
  • Complete the management of sediments containing PAHs and metals from the Burnham Canal Superfund Alternative Site.
  • Complete the assessment of contaminated sediment and evaluate and implement clean up related to the Solvay Coke Superfund Alternatives Site.
  • Blatz Pavilion, Lincoln Park Phase 1 and Phase 2 Contaminated Sediment Remediation
  • Kinnickinnic River Legacy Act Cleanup

Issues

Projects in and connected to the AOC can be expensive to complete due to many factors common in implementing projects in urban environments and along historically developed waterways. However, in order for aquatic projects to have an impact in the estuary, they need to be connected to the waterbody.